Plovdiv is the second largest town in Bulgaria as well as an industrial centre and a commercial, scientific, cultural and communications hub with a strategic location.
Plovdiv stretches over a territory of 53 sq.km. in Central Southern Bulgaria – in the Upper Thracian Lowlands, at the foot of the Rhodope Mountains – the Home of Orpheus, along the two banks of the Maritsa. Its geographical coordinates are 42º 9" Northern latitude and 24º 45" Eastern longitude, located at 160 m above sea level.
The population of Plovdiv is about 340,000 inhabitants.
Scattered upon seven syenite hills, Plovdiv – practically a coeval with ancient Troya – is one the most stunning European towns. Plovdiv treasures historic cultural monuments of Antiquity, Medieval times and Bulgarian Renaissance, harmonized with the modern culture.
Plovdiv is the administrative center of Plovdiv District.
Plovdiv District is in the South-Central Region and takes the lead among the 28 districts the Republic of Bulgaria is administratively divided into. It develops as an integral part of the Balkan Peninsula and the European Union. More than 150 state institutions are represented here.
- The area of Plovdiv District is 5972.89 sq.km. with population of 712,702 inhabitants (latest record revision date 31.12.2002).
- It is crossed by major European road and railroad routes: E-80 European highway route and CE-70 railroad route linking Western Europe with the Near East and Asia and constituting a part of London – Kalkuta transcontinental route.
- The key location in the geographic centre of Bulgaria ensures very good transport links (motorway and railway) to all parts of the country. Krumovo Airport is in close proximity to Plovdiv. Relatively close are also the Bulgarian Black Sea Port of Burgas (280 km) and the Turkey’s principal port on the Black Sea - Istanbul (380 km).
- Plovdiv District has a well-developed and maintained infrastructure, including provision of roads and rails, supply of energy, provision of water and sanitation services, communications.
- It is an industrial and agrarian region with varied economic sectors and provides for ca. 7% of the revenues generated from sales of goods and services on national scale. Some 76% of the revenues are derived from the private sector. Industrial production accounts for ca. 62% of the revenues.
- Soil and climate environment are favorable for over 100 crops cultivated here. Traditional are grain crops, vegetables, wine and dessert vineyards and essential oil crops. The arable land is 46.4% of the overall territory; 41% are the areas under irrigation.
- Plovdiv District is famous for its worldwide renowned national balneology resorts of Hissar and Narechenski Bani near the town of Plovdiv.
- Seven are the Higher Education Institutions and there’s a plenty of Research Institutes.
- Plovdiv District is a major Bulgarian tourism region with a rich historical heritage and numerous archeological finds: “The Old Town of Plovdiv” Architectural and Historical Reserve; the grandiose Thracian Temple (5th – 4th century BC) in the village of Starossel – the cult complex is a unique evidence of the Thracian orphic belief in our lands; the unique nature phenomena in the Rhodopes; the medieval fortress “Assenova Krepost”; the Bachkovo Monastery and the Arapov Monastery, to mention but a few.